by Kate Schnoor

Lyon Co73215_168203549857550_3152320_nunty 4H is proud to announce our Leader of the Month for October is Linda VanPelt. Linda has been volunteering with 4H for 18 years and has played a crucial role in the Lyon County 4H Program. “I was not a 4-H’er as a youth but when my daughter wanted a guinea pig I suggested she join 4-H to learn how to take care of it and that was the beginning of my family’s 4-H career.”

Linda has been involved with numerous 4H clubs throughout her years as a volunteer; including, Clover buds, Community Club, Toe Painting, Cake Decorating, Dog Club, WHEP and Leaders Council. “I started as a 4-H leader when my little girl was 6 years old.  Her Clover Bud Leader moved away and there wasn’t anyone to take her place. That was in 1997, and so it started.”IMG_3521 (1024x768)

As leaders left, Linda stepped in so the 4H clubs wouldn’t close. “When the Toe Painting leader quit I became that leader, and when the Community club leaders left I once again stepped in with Windi Goodman.  We are the” FCC” duo or “Laurel and Hardie” as we like to refer to ourselves.”  If you have met Linda and Windi, you instantly see their friendship and love for working with youth.

Lyon County 4H has a program referred to as Leaders Council; this is a group of 4H Leaders who help with fundraisers, 4H events, fairs, awards and contests. Linda has been involved with this group for the past 6 years as the Treasure and secretary.

“I was awarded into thtaylorlvst11 (2) (800x600)e Lyon County Hall of Fame in 2010 and also at the state level in 2009. I have had a great experience with all the kids, they make me smile and make it worth all time and effort. I have met many wonderful parents and leaders all over the state. I liked being involved at the state level very much and hope those opportunities are available again to all the amazing, involved and caring leaders that are stepping up and moving our kids forward into new adventures.  The University leaders were exceptionally knowledgeable, fun and helpful.”

“I am always amazed at how the kids and parents are kind and generous with their time and talents. Anytime I needed help I could count on anyone I asked to step in and help.  I have loved being a part of 4-H. I will always bleed green and support 4-H.”

This week, the kids will be trying grapes and Chioggia Beet cubes.

I am sure that most of us have had grapes, but did you know that most wine and seedless grapes, Vitis vinifera, are not originally from North America, but were brought over by Europeans. Concord grapes, Vitis labrusca, are native to North America, and have been crossed with Old World grape varieties to produce many of the disease resistant grapes that are grown around the world today. California has some of the best condition20150712_112402 (720x1280)s for growing grapes and wines, table grapes and raisins are shipped worldwide. Nevada is growing more grapes than ever and some varieties do well in our Northern Nevada climate. If you are interested in adding grapes to your gardens or landscape, contact us and we can assist you in selecting plants that will do well here.

I love vegetables, but I used to despise beets. Then, an office mate in graduate school introduced me to the roasted beet. I love them! Just like carrots caramelize and become sweet and savory when roasted, so will beets. Chioggia or Candy Cane beet varieties were developed in Italy and are a beautiful vegetable. This is a photo from my kitchen with 4 varieties of beets prepared to be roasted. Just peel the root, slice or cube, add a small amount of oil and salt and roast in a hot oven for 25-30 minutes until tender with brown crispy edges.  I also have a great pickled beet recipe from an old cook book that is great. Email me and I will send you the recipe. Chard and beets are the same species of plant, just different varieties. You can eat beet greens just like you would chard. They can also be juiced or chopped into salads. Give beets a chance and you just might find a way that you like them.

By Kate Schnoor


Kate Showing Her Pig

The smell of fresh shavings, the sounds of carnival rides and clippers as sheep belt out and pigs grunt happily, it instantly takes me back to my years in showing pigs in FFA. It’s only been about 6 years sense I last showed my last market pig at NJLS; therefore, it’s still fresh in my mind what it’s like to be a youth livestock exhibitor. The days are long with early mornings and late nights, but you can’t sleep anyways because of all the excitement. None of this matters, because it is the most fun you can have with a creature that has four legs and is persistently dirty no matter how many baths you give it.

The 2015 Lyon County Fair & Rodeo in conjunction with the Silver State Youth Livestock Show (SSYLS) came to a conclusion after a successful week. The Lyon County Fair is held the third weekend in August every year in Yerington, NV. I was honored to be a part of this year’s Livestock Show and Sale. It was almost surreal to be on the other side of the auction fence as I bid on animals. It filled me with pride to pass it forward as so many people had done for me and to think I was there only 6 years ago.

Kate's Piglet

Kate’s Piglet

Showing my animals filled me with so much happiness; I learned so many valuable life lessons and made life-long friends. To watch 4-H, FFA and Grange youth from across Northern Nevada show their animals with such pride and joy gave me a whole new happiness. These youth work so hard, and spend so many hours with their animals to ensure a good show. Their parents and leaders are such a crucial component to their projects; their pride was evident as they watched their youth show.

I’d like to thank all of the youth exhibitors, leaders, advisor, parents, volunteers and fair board members for making the 2015 Silver State Youth Livestock Show such a success. I am very thankful I was able to be a member 6 years ago, and am grateful I now get to be on the other side of the auction fence.

To find out more about 4-H programs in Lyon County:



Or contact us directly at: 504 South Main St. Yerington, NV 89447, 775-463-6541

nwma_logo_colorPlan to attend the next Nevada Weed Management Association (NWMA) conference. NWMA is hosting its 2015 conference, “Catalyst for Change: Opening the Conversation for Changing Nevada’s Noxious Weed Program”, in conjunction with a Medusahead Symposium, October 26-29, at the Nugget Hotel & Casino in Sparks, Nevada. More information regarding the symposium and conference can be found at NWMA’s website. Come be part of the discussion, learn about noxious weeds, weed management and engage in Nevada weed management issues. Presenters for these sessions have been invited from throughout Nevada, as well as several neighboring states. Breakout session that qualify will allow participants to earn continuing education units (CEUs) required for the renewal of applicator licenses, including a training on law.


EDDmapS map of Canada Thistle

Joy Paterson, Lyon County Extension Educator and UNCEIPM team member, and Jamie Abbott, Noxious Weed Coordinator for Nevada Department of Agriculture (NDA) will be teaching a half-day workshop on EDDmapS including the website, data upload including how to upload data from other mapping software, map creation, smart-phone or tablet applications and other user features of the software. Tablets will be available to use during instruction, but participants are encouraged to bring their own laptops, tablets and smartphones. EDDmapS should be downloaded prior to the course. The course will include time for Joy or Jamie to assist with questions about your data or how to use the application or computer interface. Reporting noxious weed locations is important for use in demonstrating the extent of noxious weed issues in Nevada and using EDDmapS allows information to be shared nationwide.

Hope to see you there!


Musk Thistle

Musk Thistle Plant

Musk Thistle, Carduus nutans, is a biennial, noxious weed that occurs throughout the United States. EDDmaps reports it in Lyon county, where I took these photos. A rosette forms in the first year and the second year the plant will bolt and form a flower heads. The plant is solitary and does not spread vegetatively. The stems and leaves have spines. The flowers are white to pink or purple with spine tipped bracts at the covering the receptical, or base, of the flower. The flower heads often “nod” with the stem bending and the head tilting over to one side. Carduus species can hybridize, so morphological characteristics vary.

Musk Thistle Flower

Musk Thistle Flower

Musk Thistle

Musk Thistle Rosette

Confirm your identification prior to treating an area. Native thistles can appear very similar to musk thistle, but pose no environmental or economic threat in agricultural, grazing or natural areas.

To control musk thistle, it is best to remove the plant in the first year, when it is a rosette and has not flowered. The tufted seeds spread easily with wind. Thistles only reproduces from seed, so mechanical control can be very effective. Mechanical control is most effective when the tap root is disturbed and destroyed. Once the plant goes to seed, the area will need to be monitored every year and any rosettes destroyed. Seeds readily germinate in disturbed soil, so plan mechanical controls in the spring prior to flowering from June to September.

Musk Thistle with "Nodding" Flower Heads

Musk Thistle with “Nodding” Flower Heads

Biological control agents have been released for this weed in Nevada, but are no longer available for distribution and release. If you have a large contiguous patch, where other controls are not an option, you can monitor for the biological control agents by looking for the larvae in the root crown or seed heads. The spines and the detestable flavor of the plant prevent grazing by most animals, so control by grazing is not effective.

This time of year, the plants will have already gone to seed. If you notice the remainder of the plants, mark the location and plan to revisit the area in the spring to scout for rosettes. Prevention of further establishment is key to preventing this noxious weed from causing economic or environmental harm.