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Programs

Natural Resources Programs

Living With Fire

Living with Fire is a comprehensive, multi-agency program aimed at teaching homeowners how to live more safely in high wildfire-hazard environments. The program, encompassing research and education, was developed in 1997 as a result of a collaboration between University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE), Nevada’s Agricultural Experiment Station and the Sierra Front Wildfire Cooperators, a group of 12 Nevada and California firefighting agencies.

Issue:

One of Nevada’s most pressing natural resource issues is the threat of wildfire to human life and property. Much of Nevada is considered a high fire-hazard environment, possessing the ingredients to support intense and uncontrollable wildfires. Research shows that how a house is built, the characteristics of adjacent vegetation and routine maintenance often determine which homes burn and which survive.

The importance of wildfire education was identified in a 1997 needs assessment involving local fire officials. More acres burned in Nevada during the 1990s than in the previous 40 years combined. Of the 10 worst fire seasons experienced in the state, six were in the past eight years. In 2007, more than 900,000 acres burned across Nevada — a total of 784 fires. Particularly devastating was the Angora Fire at South Lake Tahoe, burning 3,100 acres and destroying 254 homes. The Tahoe Regional Planning Agency Governing Board identified avoidance of catastrophic wildfire as the top priority for the Basin.

What Has Been Done:

UNCE and its collaborators focus on pre-fire activities that reduce the wildfire threat around homes, thus improving the survivability of those homes and occupants. They provide homeowners with wildfire threat reduction recommendations developed by Nevada’s firefighting experts.

The major components of Living With Fire are:

  • Living With Fire: A Guide for the Homeowner. This book is probably the most widely distributed wildfire threat reduction publication in the nation, with more than 40 versions and 2 million copies in the U.S. and Canada. A Lake Tahoe edition was published in 2007
  • Workshop materials in English and Spanish, including a PowerPoint presentation, CD, videotapes and handouts, developed for Nevada’s most hazardous areas and vegetation types. More than 200 sets are under use by firefighting agencies. Instructional DVDs and videotapes, in English and Spanish, are available in markets, drugstores and libraries;
  • Educational workshops targeting the landscape (green) industry;
  • Multi-agency gatherings, such as the 2007 Nevada Wildland-Urban Interface Fire Summit, attended by 129 individuals and agencies from across the state, representing 68 high wildfire-hazard communities; and
  • Public-awareness activities, such as the Nevada Wildland Fire Awareness Week in May 2008, which included educational programs and release of materials statewide.
Impact:

In 2005, more than $107,000 worth of in-kind services and funds from communities were documented in support of Nevada Fire Safe Council projects. The council — a byproduct of Living With Fire -- is a collection of community organizations throughout the state. Approximately $1.8 million was spent on fuels reduction projects in 18 Nevada communities, which resulted in 7,962 tons of wildfire fuels being removed and 1,089 acres treated.

In 2006 in Carson City, revegetation of burned areas was a priority. Working with UNCE, the Nevada Division of Forestry and volunteers potted 4,550 Jeffrey pines in containers for planting. Seventy-eight willows were planted to stabilize Ash Canyon Creek. One thousand trees were planted with help from the Boy Scouts, with a 50 percent survival rate. In addition, 2,200 cubic yards of fuels were reduced to 25 cubic yards of mulch for 20 property owners.

Evaluation of the 2007 Living With Fire educational programs to the green industry consisted of a certification examination after a 12-hour training session. The 28 individuals who undertook the testing passed with an average score of 88 percent. Further, 95 percent of respondents indicated they would use the information from the training and, in turn, share it with clients during the next nine months.

An evaluation of the 2007 Fire Summit was completed by 67 percent of the attendees — 72 homeowners living in high or extreme fire-hazard communities and fire service representatives responsible for protecting those communities. Sixty-three percent of respondents said they were familiar with the Living With Fire materials prior to attending the summit. The conference had an overall 4.8 rating (on a scale of 1 to 5) in terms of being worthwhile.

University of Idaho Cooperative Extension teaches a Living on the Land program, which includes a Living With Fire component. In an evaluation of this program, 44 participants had a statistically significant improvement in their knowledge of fires and defensible space as a result of the teaching of this module.

Partners:

Bureau of Land Management, Nevada Association of Counties, Nevada Division of Forestry, Nevada Fire Safe Council, Nevada Insurance Council, USDA Forest Service, the Nevada Division of Emergency Management and Private Donors.

See Also: For additional information, please visit our Living With Fire Web site.

Contacts: Lindsay Chichester, Extension Educator, 775-887-2252,
Ed Smith, Area Natural Resources Specialist, 775-782-9960

Natural Resources Programs

Programs Program Information

Bootstraps

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE) developed Bootstraps, a high-risk youth program that helps teens return to school and/or gain meaningful work.

Collaborative Resource Stewardship improves rangeland management

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE) has helped lead Collaborative Resource Stewardship (CRS) efforts in northeastern Nevada over the past seven years, resulting in a model for other states and areas.

Integrated Pest Management

Nevada Department of Agriculture’s records show the use of traditional pesticides continues to increase in the state. Nevada’s Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program helps agricultural producers, land managers; pest control operators, homeowners and other pest managers learn about and use alternative pest management strategies in a variety of environments and settings.

Invasive Species (Weeds)

Weeds are one of the most serious threats to Nevada rangelands and lawns. Hundreds of Weed Warriors, Woad Warriors, and other volunteers have been trained by University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE) personnel in how to spot, control and eradicate noxious weeds.

Living on the Land: Stewardship for Small Acreages

Issue:

Living With Fire

Living with Fire is a comprehensive, multi-agency program aimed at teaching homeowners how to live more safely in high wildfire-hazard environments. The program, encompassing research and education, was developed in 1997 as a result of a collaboration between University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE), Nevada’s Agricultural Experiment Station and the Sierra Front Wildfire Cooperators, a group of 12 Nevada and California firefighting agencies.

NEMO Nevada, Nonpoint Education for Municipal Officials

The NEMO (Nonpoint Education for Municipal Officials) program was originated in Connecticut and has spread nationwide. University of Nevada Cooperative Extension offers the NEMO program in Washoe County. The premise is that improvements in land-use planning can result in protection of water resources, which can negate the need to fix problems after the fact by applying best management practices. The program will help land-use decision-makers understand the nature of the nonpoint source pollution problem and its impact on their lives, towns and natural resource base. This enables them to plan for growth and development while addressing water quality issues through educated land use decisions.

Nevada Naturalist

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE) in collaboration with partnering agencies including Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Henderson Bird Viewing Preserve, Nevada Department of Wildlife, Springs Preserve, Wetlands Park, Nevada State Museum, and others, has developed a comprehensive environmental education curricula targeting adult learners interested in environmental issues affecting southern Nevada.

Nevada Range Management School

This University of Nevada Cooperative Extension program integrates sound science, collaboration and common sense to put public agency land managers, livestock permittees and other land users on the same page in terms of the range resource. It includes topics such as animal nutrition as related to range management.

Nevada Youth Range Camp

Noxious Weed Control and Awareness Education

Noxious and invasive weeds are widespread throughout Nevada. They threaten agricultural and rangeland productivity. Rural counties are susceptible to significant adverse economic damage. University of Nevada Cooperative Extension education programs help individuals and weed control organization reduce the abundance of noxious weeds.

Riparian and Watershed Assessment and Management

University of Nevada Cooperative Extension faculty work on an interagency and interdisciplinary cadre that puts on Riparian Proper Function Condition Assessment trainings and works with agencies and watershed groups to develop collaboration about riparian management.

Walker Lake: Increasing Knowledge through Education

Walker Lake, located in central Nevada, is a natural resource of interest to diverse and often competing groups. Walker Lake: Increasing Knowledge Through Education, is a community-based program to educate adults and youth about Walker Lake issues.

Water Wise

Water Wise is a new, online educational program that complements University of Nevada Cooperative Extension’s local watershed protection, storm water protection and land-use decision-maker education projects (NEMO-Nonpoint Education for Municipal Officials).

Weed Warriors Invasive Weed Training

The Weed Warriors Invasive Weed Training Program is held several times a year, usually in late winter or spring. This eight-hour, two-day introductory-level training introduces participants to the principles of Integrated Weed Management and focuses on improving ability to identify noxious weeds of local importance. A small fee is charged for program materials, and the class can be videoconferenced to other locations upon request. Each year, several dozen people go through the training and become certified Weed Warriors. Pesticide applicators receive six Continuing Education Credits for attending this course. Each year in May during a community event in the Truckee Meadows, Weed Warrior volunteers help rid parks and riverfront areas of invasive thistles.