Lyon County Programs
Invasive Species (Weeds)
Weeds are one of the most serious threats to Nevada rangelands and lawns. Hundreds of Weed Warriors, Woad Warriors, and other volunteers have been trained by University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE) personnel in how to spot, control and eradicate noxious weeds.
Weeds are one of the most serious threats to Nevada rangelands and lawns. Noxious weeds have already invaded thousands of acres of Nevada’s lands and waterways and threaten water quality, wildlife habitat, recreational activities and the economic stability of ranchers, farmers and other land managers.
What Has Been Done:
Hundreds of Weed Warriors, Woad Warriors, and other volunteers have been trained by University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE) personnel in how to spot, control and eradicate noxious weeds. There are numerous activities every spring in which weed volunteers pull and/or spray hundreds of acres of noxious weeds. These volunteers:
- Educate their neighbors and other local residents about the threat of noxious weeds by making presentations, staffing booths, writing media articles and giving tours.
- Identify weeds and map infestations. They develop databases and monitor the infested areas.
- Control and eradicate weeds by conducting weed pulls and applying herbicides to large infestations.
There are more than 30 Nevada coordinated weed associations and other groups, according to the Nevada Department of Agriculture’s Weed Coordinator. UNCE plays an active role in many of these groups, serving as catalysts, educators and grant consultants. The goal is to achieve long-term sustainability of the weed control efforts.
Various weed control methods are also being tested by Cooperative Extension working with local individuals and groups. For example, weed control by ruminants.
The Tahoe Weed Coordinating Group - consists of landowners and managers, regulatory agencies and residents working together to share information and resources to achieve effective weed control in the Lake Tahoe Basin. Cooperative Extension is key to their efforts. As a result of efforts of this group, we measured a 57% decrease in total weed infestations from 2004 to 2006 in El Dorado and Placer Counties, and a 28% decrease on USFS properties in the basin. We also measured a 41% decrease in sites infested with five priority weeds in Incline Village.
The Truckee Meadows Weed Group- provides a variety of educational programs to elementary schools on weeds. Teachers at 19 elementary schools (29.7% of all Truckee Meadows elementary schools) requested one or more presentations. In a post-class test, 63% of students in grades 3-5 could name 2 or more ways that weed seeds spread, and 69% could correctly identify three or more of the five priority weeds. Their outreach campaign this past year was successful in increasing weed reporting via the hotline and Web site. After the Aug. 7 full-page ad, hits on the website jumped from about 90 per day to about 180 per day, and remained elevated. The website was accessed 7,344 times in 2006. Also in 2006, $30,000 from the Carson- Truckee Water Conservancy was used to treat headwaters drainages along the Truckee River. Washoe County Roads treated 1745.3 acres of various weeds along roads, and City of Reno road and ditch maintenance personnel treated 101.4 acres of weeds. Sparks treated 1,234 acres of parks, medians, roadsides, ditches, alleys, schools, etc. with chemical controls in 2006. NDOT spent 290 man-hours controlling weeds with herbicides on approximately 160 acres in wetland mitigation basins and along Interstates 80 and 395. USFS treated 100 acres. Weeds on 2702 total acres were controlled. Finally, volunteers met at several locations to mechanically remove a variety of weed species from local parks and trails. For example: Oxbow Park: April 29 (5 bags of thistles removed by a few volunteers), Mayberry Park: May 6 (27 bags of thistles removed by 10 volunteers); Dorostkar Park: May 6 (90 bags of thistles, hoary cress, perennial pepperweed removed by 2 community service crews led by a Extension trained Weed Warrior).
Weed Control By Ruminants-As a result of this program, 4,000 goats and 2,000 sheep were purchased by five individuals and are now grazing weeds on a contract basis in Eastern Nevada. These five new successful businesses are in their first year of operation thanks in large part to information learned from this program and Extension’s assistance. Over fifty interested parties participated in a two-day educational workshop. Participation ranged from interested grazers, agency personnel and the publisher of Western Farmer Stockman Magazine. Participants were from five western states. On a scale of 1 to 5 with one being poor and five being excellent the 50 participants rated the overall educational program at 4.8. A 4.9 was given to the instructors’ ability to teach and their knowledge of the subject. Comments from several participants included that they will put the information to work immediately. Gallagher Fencing representative stated that fence sales at local stores rose by over $30,000 following this program and the electric fence demonstration. The Western Farmer Stockman editor in attendance used information learned in his feature story which went out to thousands of readers. Two participants hired two of the five new businesses to control weeds on their Elko County properties.
Contact: Jay Davison, Alternative Crops/Forage Specialist, 775-423-5151
Calming the Waters: Learning to Manage Western Water Conflict
Conflict has surrounded the Truckee, Carson and Walker River Basins for decades. Key issues include historical use on tribal lands, historical and current water rights, threats to water quality, and wildlife habitat protection. This program teaches youth about Nevada’s water issues and helps them develop the skills needed to address future water conflicts.
Federally Recognized Tribal Extension Program
The purpose of Nevada’s Federally Recognized Tribal Extension Program (FRTEP) is to improve the ability of Native American farmers and ranchers to manage their agricultural enterprises effectively, efficiently and profitably.
Integrated Pest Management
Nevada Department of Agriculture’s records show the use of traditional pesticides continues to increase in the state. Nevada’s Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program helps agricultural producers, land managers; pest control operators, homeowners and other pest managers learn about and use alternative pest management strategies in a variety of environments and settings.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and IR-4 program
This program is to test potential pesticides necessary for producing forages in Nevada and submit requests for federal testing and registration from the IR-4 program, which is a federal cooperative program established in 1963 to help the producers of minor crops obtain clearances for pest control materials on those crops. The purpose of IR-4 is to work with farmers, agriculture scientists and Cooperative Extension personnel to carry out research and petition the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in order to obtain tolerances for specific pesticide uses needed by minor-crop producers.
Master Gardeners in Nevada
Master Gardeners provide free, research-based horticulture information to Nevadans. They are volunteers who learn advanced plant science skills from at least 50 hours of classroom instruction by University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE) professionals. After training, Master Gardeners volunteer a minimum of at least 50 hours a year to pass along their newly acquired knowledge through the media, talks and workshops. They answer phone calls, send out informational materials and develop community gardens.
Noxious Weed Control and Awareness Education
Noxious and invasive weeds are widespread throughout Nevada. They threaten agricultural and rangeland productivity. Rural counties are susceptible to significant adverse economic damage. University of Nevada Cooperative Extension education programs help individuals and weed control organization reduce the abundance of noxious weeds.
Project MAGIC is an innovative, collaborative program designed to help juvenile offenders leave the criminal justice system and become productive members of society. While participating in the program, young people ages 12 to 18 learn: positive communication skills, team building, problem solving and decision making, self-responsibility, conflict resolution, aspiration building and goal setting. Youth also select and conduct a service project designed to benefit their community. Parent sessions include the same life skills.
University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE) develops and delivers a comprehensive risk management education program to livestock and forage producers in Nevada.
Sustainable Agricultural Practices
University of Nevada Cooperative Extension conducts several sustainable agriculture programs including researching alternative crops, introducing sustainable biodiversity/multiple use of rangelands, and increasing the number of pest control materials labeled in and increasing the knowledge and implementation rate of IPM practices in Nevada.
Tef Crop Production
The purpose of this program is to introduce Nevada farmers to and help train them in the cultivation of tef, a small-seeded grain and forage crop that requires less water than alfalfa and can be more profitable. There is a strong market for tef seed, which is made into flour to make an Ethiopian flat bread known as injera, as well as for tef hay as a high-quality horse hay.
Statewide Programs *Statewide programs may not be available in all counties
|4-H Youth Development|
|Food Safety Project|
|Grow Your Own, Nevada|
|Herds and Harvest|
|Invasive Species (Weeds)|
|Nevada Radon Education Program|
|Nevada State GEAR UP|
|Nevada Youth Range Camp|
|People of the Land|
|Pesticide Safety Education Program|
|Riparian and Watershed Assessment and Management|
|Stronger Economies Together|
|Weed Prevention and Management|