Lyon County Programs
Weed Prevention and Management
Integrated weed management is based on economically viable and environmentally friendly weed management tactics that combine judicious use of herbicides with other control tactics, such as mowing, burning, tillage, grazing and revegetation. By taking steps to prevent weed invasion, land owners/managers and other stakeholders can avoid the economic and environmental impacts of noxious and invasive weeds.
Although billions of dollars are spent each year on weed control in the United States, the amount of land infested with noxious and invasive weeds continues to grow, causing a decline in native vegetation and contributing to a decrease in the aesthetic, commercial or ecological value of the land. Once weeds have invaded a property, getting rid of them often proves impractical due to their prolific seed production and aggressive root growth. Land managers can save time and money by preventing weed invasions and by avoiding the misuse of weed management tools.
What Has Been Done:
Cooperative Extension has taught weed prevention in dozens of workshops around the state and has trained nearly 2,400 land managers on effective techniques for eliminating and preventing the spread of weeds. UNCE has established nine research and demonstration plots and leads tours of many of these sites. Faculty are developing a statewide Early Detection Rapid Response program, and EDRR group meetings have been held in all 17 Nevada counties to introduce the program and generate data and ideas for future publications and workshops specifically designed for each county. UNCE faculty are principal investigators in a multi-state program to prevent noxious weed invasions on Western farms and ranches.
In addition, Cooperative Extension develops, demonstrates and recommends integrated weed management systems for troublesome weeds in Nevada. UNCE faculty and staff teach workshops on herbicides, weed management and management of specific weeds at a wide range of programs, including landscape conferences, trade shows, conservation district meetings and grower conferences. UNCE researchers have weed research and demonstration trials for perennial pepperweed (tall whitetop), downy brome (cheatgrass), medusahead, hoary cress, elongated mustard, African rue, foxtail barley, kochia and Russian thistle at various test plots around the state.
An estimated 650 individuals attended the University of Nevada Main Station Farm Field Day in Reno where UNCE experts, using field demonstration plots, taught participants how to control perennial pepperweed (tall whitetop). UNCE has also conducted workshops at the Southwest Noxious Weed Short Course, which was attended by more than 100 public land managers, agricultural producers, Extension personnel and others with an interest in weeds.
This program has brought greater weed awareness and knowledge to hundreds of farmers, ranchers, land managers and natural resource professionals who are often on the front lines of spotting and prevent weed invasions. Cooperative Extension’s connections to these individuals — and its ongoing efforts to train new groups and share data with other agencies — will vastly improve efforts to monitor and halt the infestation of noxious and invasive weeds on Nevada lands. UNCE’s goal is to employ EDRR on public and private lands throughout the state.
Calming the Waters: Learning to Manage Western Water Conflict
Conflict has surrounded the Truckee, Carson and Walker River Basins for decades. Key issues include historical use on tribal lands, historical and current water rights, threats to water quality, and wildlife habitat protection. This program teaches youth about Nevada’s water issues and helps them develop the skills needed to address future water conflicts.
Federally Recognized Tribal Extension Program
The purpose of Nevada’s Federally Recognized Tribal Extension Program (FRTEP) is to improve the ability of Native American farmers and ranchers to manage their agricultural enterprises effectively, efficiently and profitably.
Integrated Pest Management
Nevada Department of Agriculture’s records show the use of traditional pesticides continues to increase in the state. Nevada’s Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program helps agricultural producers, land managers; pest control operators, homeowners and other pest managers learn about and use alternative pest management strategies in a variety of environments and settings.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and IR-4 program
This program is to test potential pesticides necessary for producing forages in Nevada and submit requests for federal testing and registration from the IR-4 program, which is a federal cooperative program established in 1963 to help the producers of minor crops obtain clearances for pest control materials on those crops. The purpose of IR-4 is to work with farmers, agriculture scientists and Cooperative Extension personnel to carry out research and petition the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in order to obtain tolerances for specific pesticide uses needed by minor-crop producers.
Master Gardeners in Nevada
Master Gardeners provide free, research-based horticulture information to Nevadans. They are volunteers who learn advanced plant science skills from at least 50 hours of classroom instruction by University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE) professionals. After training, Master Gardeners volunteer a minimum of at least 50 hours a year to pass along their newly acquired knowledge through the media, talks and workshops. They answer phone calls, send out informational materials and develop community gardens.
Noxious Weed Control and Awareness Education
Noxious and invasive weeds are widespread throughout Nevada. They threaten agricultural and rangeland productivity. Rural counties are susceptible to significant adverse economic damage. University of Nevada Cooperative Extension education programs help individuals and weed control organization reduce the abundance of noxious weeds.
Project MAGIC is an innovative, collaborative program designed to help juvenile offenders leave the criminal justice system and become productive members of society. While participating in the program, young people ages 12 to 18 learn: positive communication skills, team building, problem solving and decision making, self-responsibility, conflict resolution, aspiration building and goal setting. Youth also select and conduct a service project designed to benefit their community. Parent sessions include the same life skills.
University of Nevada Cooperative Extension (UNCE) develops and delivers a comprehensive risk management education program to livestock and forage producers in Nevada.
Sustainable Agricultural Practices
University of Nevada Cooperative Extension conducts several sustainable agriculture programs including researching alternative crops, introducing sustainable biodiversity/multiple use of rangelands, and increasing the number of pest control materials labeled in and increasing the knowledge and implementation rate of IPM practices in Nevada.
Tef Crop Production
The purpose of this program is to introduce Nevada farmers to and help train them in the cultivation of tef, a small-seeded grain and forage crop that requires less water than alfalfa and can be more profitable. There is a strong market for tef seed, which is made into flour to make an Ethiopian flat bread known as injera, as well as for tef hay as a high-quality horse hay.
Statewide Programs *Statewide programs may not be available in all counties
|4-H Youth Development|
|Food Safety Project|
|Grow Your Own, Nevada|
|Herds and Harvest|
|Invasive Species (Weeds)|
|Nevada Radon Education Program|
|Nevada State GEAR UP|
|Nevada Youth Range Camp|
|People of the Land|
|Pesticide Safety Education Program|
|Riparian and Watershed Assessment and Management|
|Stronger Economies Together|
|Weed Prevention and Management|