Lyon County Cooperative Extension office will have free radon test kits available starting December 1st. You don’t travel to Yerington very often? Joy Paterson, Susan Howe and Jamie Roice will be distributing test kits county wide on January 14th at the following locations:

 

Dayton Valley Branch Library 9:00am to 10:00am

321 Old Dayton Valley Rd.

Dayton, NV   89403

 

Fernley Branch Library 10:45am to 11:45 am

575 Sliver Lace Blvd.

Fernley, NV   89408

 

Silver Springs  at the Park and Ride at the intersection of HWY50 and ALT95 12:15pm to 1:15pm

 

Smith Valley Library 3:00pm to 4:00pm

22 Day Lane

Smith, NV   89430

 

Yerington Central Branch Library 5:00pm to 6:00pm

20 Nevin Way

Yerington, NV   89447

 

Cannot make those times? Want us to come give away Radon test kits at your meeting or location? Email Joy Paterson to see if a kit drop off or if someone from the Radon group can come to your meeting or location.

This week’s fruit is Oro Blanco Grapefruit and Butternut Squash Cubes.

Oro Blanco Grapefruit is excellent eaten fresh, but is also a great addition to salads or a sweeter substitute for other citrus in recipes. Oro blanco is a hybrid of pumelo and grapefruit and does not produce seeds. It has a very thick, pulpy skin that can be difficult to peel, but a sharp knife can make it much easier to get to the creamy flesh.

Butternut squash is a more familiar vegetable. It is great roasted, which sweetens and condenses its flavor. It can be seasoned simply with salt, mash with cream or butter, or sprinkle with any of the seasonings you might use with pumpkin like cinnamon, clove, ginger, or nutmeg. The seeds are also edible and can be roasted like pumpkin seeds. This vegetable is seasonally available in the fall and will last throughout the spring if stored in a cool, dry and dark place. Purchase squashes that are very firm with no soft spots. Eat squashes as soon as you detect softening.

This weeks produce is yam sticks and fresh pineapple.

There is often confusion between a yam and a sweet potato. While they have similar flavor and texture, allowing them to be used similarly in recipes, they are roots of completely different plants. Yams are from Africa and Asia and are closely related to lilly and grass species of plants. Sweet potatoes are from Central and South America and are closely related to morning glory plants. The confusion started when sweet potatoes were grown in the southern USA, where African slaves called the soft varieties of sweet potatoes “yams” because of the similarities to true yams that were part of their culinary history. Most produce available in supermarkets in the USA are sweet potatoes. Your students will be trying orange variety of sweet potatoes, aka “yams”, this week.

Sweet potatoes have a major role in southern cooking. If you want to try something a little different with sweet potatoes this Thanksgiving, try making a sweet potato pie. You can find many recipes online, but I just substitute equal amounts of cooked, mashed sweet potato instead of pumpkin puree in my favorite pumpkin pie recipe. If you must have toasted marshmallows with your sweet potatoes, you can decorate the top of the pie with them and broil the top in the oven for a few minutes to toast the top.

Fresh pineapple is one of my favorite fruits. Do not be intimidated by the whole fruit, it is easy to cut into the bite sized pieces you find re-packaged in the store. You usually end up with more fruit for your money. I cut off the top and the bottom, then slice down the sides to “peel” the outside. Then cut into chunks. You can eat the core, but it is too fibrous for most people. Each little hexagon on the outside of the fruit was, at one time, its own flower. As the flowers mature into the compound juicy fruits that we eat. Most pineapples do not have seeds because growers exclude the main pollinator of pineapples which are hummingbirds. The crown of a pineapple, the cluster of leaves at the top, can be used to propagate new pineapple plant. You can try to grow the next pineapple you purchase by suspending the base of the crown in water until roots begin to develop and transplanting it into a pot with soil.

By Susan Howe

Radon is a radioactive, colorless, odorless and tasteless gas that comes from the decay of uranium. It can accumulate in homes and where it can cause lung cancer. This type of lung cancer risk is preventable, and the only way to know if a home has elevated concentrations is to test for it.

The Environmental ProteMicrosoft PowerPoint - Radon Deaths Graph - to modify.pptxction Agency (EPA) has an action level of 4 picocuries per liter (pCi/l) of air. If a home is found to have radon concentrations at or above 4 pCi/l, action should be taken to reduce radon levels, reducing the risk of lung cancer. Living in a home with a yearly average of 4 pCi/l poses a similar risk of developing lung cancer as smoking about half a pack of cigarettes a day. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates radon causes 21,000 lung cancer deaths each year in the United States, killing more people than second-hand smoke, drunken driving, drowning or home fires.

Lyon_Potential 6-30-15.ai

Lyon_Potential 6-30-15.ai

In Lyon County, 29% of homes tested have elevated radon concentrations. The highest concentration found in Lyon County is 135 pCi/l (in Yerington), which is second to the highest in the state, 195 pCi/l (found in Washoe County).

From Dec. 1 to Feb. 29, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension offers free radon test kits (normally $7 each) at the Lyon County Cooperative Extension office, 504 S. Main Street and at other locations throughout the state. Educational presentation(s) will be be held. If your community group is interested in hosting a presentation or if your group is having a function where we could distribute free test kits, email Joy Paterson.

This week’s vegetables are blueberries and zucchini.

Neither of these are exotic, but they are foods that a lot of people have never tried fresh. Blueberries are great by themselves, added to a salad, or using them in baked goods is always popular. The blueberry council has great information, recipes and activities for kids and adults that relates to blueberries. Zucchini is often baked, fried or shredded for use in baking, but it is also great sliced thin into a salad or with a dip instead of chips. Vegetable gardens often have an abundance of zucchini. It can be preserved by dicing or shredding it into cubes and freezing to last into the winter months. Dehydrated slices can be used in soups or stews to add some fiber and sweetness.