nwma_logo_colorPlan to attend the next Nevada Weed Management Association (NWMA) conference. NWMA is hosting its 2015 conference, “Catalyst for Change: Opening the Conversation for Changing Nevada’s Noxious Weed Program”, in conjunction with a Medusahead Symposium, October 26-29, at the Nugget Hotel & Casino in Sparks, Nevada. More information regarding the symposium and conference can be found at NWMA’s website. Come be part of the discussion, learn about noxious weeds, weed management and engage in Nevada weed management issues. Presenters for these sessions have been invited from throughout Nevada, as well as several neighboring states. Breakout session that qualify will allow participants to earn continuing education units (CEUs) required for the renewal of applicator licenses, including a training on law.

map1

EDDmapS map of Canada Thistle

Joy Paterson, Lyon County Extension Educator and UNCEIPM team member, and Jamie Abbott, Noxious Weed Coordinator for Nevada Department of Agriculture (NDA) will be teaching a half-day workshop on EDDmapS including the website, data upload including how to upload data from other mapping software, map creation, smart-phone or tablet applications and other user features of the software. Tablets will be available to use during instruction, but participants are encouraged to bring their own laptops, tablets and smartphones. EDDmapS should be downloaded prior to the course. The course will include time for Joy or Jamie to assist with questions about your data or how to use the application or computer interface. Reporting noxious weed locations is important for use in demonstrating the extent of noxious weed issues in Nevada and using EDDmapS allows information to be shared nationwide.

Hope to see you there!

 

Musk Thistle

Musk Thistle Plant

Musk Thistle, Carduus nutans, is a biennial, noxious weed that occurs throughout the United States. EDDmaps reports it in Lyon county, where I took these photos. A rosette forms in the first year and the second year the plant will bolt and form a flower heads. The plant is solitary and does not spread vegetatively. The stems and leaves have spines. The flowers are white to pink or purple with spine tipped bracts at the covering the receptical, or base, of the flower. The flower heads often “nod” with the stem bending and the head tilting over to one side. Carduus species can hybridize, so morphological characteristics vary.

Musk Thistle Flower

Musk Thistle Flower

Musk Thistle

Musk Thistle Rosette

Confirm your identification prior to treating an area. Native thistles can appear very similar to musk thistle, but pose no environmental or economic threat in agricultural, grazing or natural areas.

To control musk thistle, it is best to remove the plant in the first year, when it is a rosette and has not flowered. The tufted seeds spread easily with wind. Thistles only reproduces from seed, so mechanical control can be very effective. Mechanical control is most effective when the tap root is disturbed and destroyed. Once the plant goes to seed, the area will need to be monitored every year and any rosettes destroyed. Seeds readily germinate in disturbed soil, so plan mechanical controls in the spring prior to flowering from June to September.

Musk Thistle with "Nodding" Flower Heads

Musk Thistle with “Nodding” Flower Heads

Biological control agents have been released for this weed in Nevada, but are no longer available for distribution and release. If you have a large contiguous patch, where other controls are not an option, you can monitor for the biological control agents by looking for the larvae in the root crown or seed heads. The spines and the detestable flavor of the plant prevent grazing by most animals, so control by grazing is not effective.

This time of year, the plants will have already gone to seed. If you notice the remainder of the plants, mark the location and plan to revisit the area in the spring to scout for rosettes. Prevention of further establishment is key to preventing this noxious weed from causing economic or environmental harm.

By Kate Schnoor

IMG_3633 (1280x853)IMG_3624 (1280x853)The 2015 Lyon County Fair & Rodeo in conjunction with the Silver State Youth Livestock Show (SSYLS) came to a conclusion after a successful week. The Lyon County Fair is held the third weekend in August every year in Yerington, NV. The fair hosts a variety of events for the whole family, including; mutton busting, demolition derby, a pro rodeo, tractor pulls and of course the youth livestock show. Approximately100 4-H, FFA and Grange members from around northern Nevada attended this year’s show and sale. Exhibitors arrived Friday with their breeding and market animals, the species comprised of; chickens, rabbits, sheep, goats, cattle and pigs. Exhibitors spent Saturday and Sunday showing their animals to the species specific judges. Market animals were judged on look, confirmation, market quality, potential meat quality, care and cleanliness. Breeding animals were judged on potential progeny, confirmation, breed specifics, gender specifics, and cleanliness. Youth also demonstrated their handling skills, care and knowledge in showmanship.
IMG_3632 (1280x853)The Silver State Livestock Sale takes place on Sunday following the breeding sheep show. Exhibitors lined up with their animals one last time to present them to hundreds of potential buyers. I can still remember this point of a show (from 6+ years ago now) and I remember how nervous, sad, happy and excited I was. The sale not only concluded the Silver State Youth Livestock Show, but also summer vacation.
I would like to thank all of our youth exhibitors, Advisors, Leaders, parents, sponsors and Fair Board Members. It was a pleasure to meet and work with all of you!

To find out more about 4-H programs in Lyon County:

Website: www.unce.unr.edu/4H/programs

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Lyon-County-NV-4-H

Or contact us directly at: 504 South Main St. Yerington, NV 89447, 775-463-6541

This week’s fruit is dragon fruit and the vegetable is watermelon radish. Both of these foods are very popular in Asia and can be found in Asian cuisines. Dragon fruit is the fruit of a cactus originally from Central America. The fruit can be bright yellow or magenta pink with fleshy “scales” that look like dragon scales. You prepare it by scooping out the white center that is full of little black seeds. The texture is similar to a kiwi with a neutral sweet flavor. It is often eaten fresh or sliced into a salad. There are many Asian deserts that use dragon fruit for sweetness and flavor. Look for fruits that are firm with few blemishes for the best flavor. Dragon fruit usually travels a long distance to reach your grocery store shelf and soft fruits will be over-ripe.

Watermelon radish is a variety of the large white diakon radish. It is usually sliced thin and served as a side or in a salad. You can make an a quick pickle with vinegar, sugar, a squeeze of lime and fish or soy sauce. Watermelon radish can also be shredded finely, blanched quickly in salted boiling water, then shocked in an ice bath for a cold vegetable side dish. The cold radishes can be dressed with a little sesame oil and fish sauce with a sprinkle of toasted sesame seeds on top. Do not let the sometimes ugly outside of this radish fool you. Underneath the whitish, green skin will be a mild flavored, beautifully colored radish. Choose radishes that are firm and crisp for the best flavor. Limp roots can be revived by a 5 minute soak in some ice water.

Let me know if you enjoyed this week’s information on these interesting fruits and vegetables. Remember to fill half your plate with fruits and vegetables at each meal. If you tried either of these, share your thoughts with the rest of the blog by commenting!

PrecipAre you interested in the Nevada Legislative sessions regarding the Mason Valley and Smith Valley groundwater limits October 5th and October 7th but cannot go to Carson City for up to four days for the hearings. Do you not have enough internet bandwidth or enough data on your personal internet to run streaming video for the live sessions for four days? The University of Nevada Cooperative Extension in Lyon County will be running the streaming video of these sessions in the conference room at 504 S. Main Street in Yerington on a 50-inch monitor for viewing. The room is reserved for this use October 5th through October 8th from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. for those who wish to attend. Please contact Marcia Moffitt if you plan to attend so that we can make accommodations to meet the response. Persons in need of special accommodations or assistance must contact Marcia at least three days prior to the first day of the sessions.

This will not be an interactive system but viewing only. Those wishing to give expert testimony or ask questions will still have to travel to Carson City. For more information and requirements regarding expert testimony please refer to the Mason Valley News article.

According to the Mason Valley News , you can to go the DWR website to obtain copies of the curtailment orders. You can contact Malcom Wilson of the Division Resources at 775 685-2806 for a copy of the Desert Research Institute model files or memorandum. More details regarding the curtailments are available in both news articles in the Mason Valley News.